Body Armour Standards

Our Products

Defence Composites Ltd manufacture all their protective armour products in accordance to the international standards as shown below.

We use independent accredited test facilities to regularly test our products to maintain the very latest standards and protection required by our customers.

All our products are manufactured in the UK to the ISO9001:2015 and ISO14001:2015 Quality Management Standard.

PPE Body Armour Manufacturers UK

National Institute of Justice (NIJ) 0101.06

NIJ Standard 0101.06 is the American Body Armor Standard and covers ballistic threats only. This standard establishes minimum performance requirements for personal body armour intended to protect against gun fire only.

The protection levels available are separated into different types of ballistic threat ranging from low velocity hand guns, high velocity hand guns and rifles.

This standard is widely used around the world.

Small handgun protection
Level II (2) 9mm FMJ RN 44.0 8.0 g (124 gr) 398 ± 9 1305 ± 30
.357 Mag JSP 44.0 10.2 g (158 gr) 436 ± 9 1430 ± 30
High velocity handguns
Level IIIA (3a) .357 SIG FMJ FN 44.0 8.1 g (125 gr) 1470 ± 30 448 ± 9
.44 Mag SJHP 44.0 15.6 g (240 gr) 436 ± 9 1430 ± 30
Rifles
Level III (3) 7.62 mm NATO FMJ 44.0 9.6 g (147 gr) 847 ± 9 2780 ± 30
Armour piercing rifles
Level IV (4) 30.06 M2 AP FMJ 44.0 10.8 g (166 gr) 878 ± 9 2880 ± 30

UK Home Office Body Armour Standard (2017)

The Home Office Body Armour Standard (2017) outlines the minimum performance requirements for body armour intended for use by UK law enforcement agencies.

This UK standard covers both ballistic threats (HO) from firearms and also knife (KR) and spike threats (SP).

Stab and Spike Standard

Protection level Energy level E1 Energy level E2
Energy (J) Maximum penetration at E1 (mm) SPL at E1 (mm) Energy (J) Maximum penetration at E2 (mm) SPL at E2 (mm)
KR1 24.0 8.0 9.0 36.0 20.0 30.0
KR1 + SP1 24.0 KR1 = 8.0

SP1 = 0
KR1 = 9.0

SP1 = 0
36.0 KR1 = 20.0
SP1 = N/A
KR1 = 20.0

SP1 = N/A
KR2 33.0 8.0 9.0 50.0 20.0 30.0
KR2 + SP2 33.0 KR2 = 8.0

SP2 = 0
KR1 = 9.0

SP2 = 0
50.0 KR2 = 20.0

SP2 = N/A
KR2 = 30.0

SP2 = N/A

Ballistic Standard

Protection level Classification
and calibre Test round
 designation Bullet mass Range 
(min)
(m) Max.
mean
 BFS (mm) Single
 shot BFS 
limit (mm) Velocity
(m.s-1 )
HO1 9 mm FMJ MEN 9 mm FMJ

DM11A1B2
8.0 g (124 grain) 5 - 44.0 365 ± 10 
9 mm JHP Federal Premium 9 mm

JHP P9HST1
8.0 g (124 grain) 5 - 44.0 365 ± 10
HO2 9mm FMJ MEN 9 mm FMJ

DM11A1B2
8.0 g (124 grain) 5 - 44.0 430 ± 10
9 mm JHP Federal Premium
9 mm JHP P9HST1
8.0 g (124 grain) 5 - 44.0 430 ± 10
HO3 Rifle 7.62 calibre Radway Green 7.62 mm NATO Ball

L44A1 or L2A2
9.3 g (144 grain) 10 25.0 30.0 830 ± 15
Rifle 7.62 calibre 7.62 × 39 mm
 surrogate 7.9 g (122 grain) 10 25.0 30.0 705 ± 15
HO4 Rifle 7.62 calibre SAKO .308 Win 480A Powerhead 
or Barnes .308 TSX BT 10.7 g (165 grain) 10 25.0 30.0 820 ± 15
SG1 Shotgun 12 gauge 
True Cylinder Winchester 1 oz. Rifled 12RSE 28.4 g 10 25.0 30.0 435 ± 25